Scientists at the South Ural State University (SUSU) have conducted a CFD study for monitoring the spread of respiratory viruses in closed spaces.
According to the researchers, the new development will prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other viral infections in spaces where people study or work, like educational institutions and offices. The results were published in the Journal of Hazardous Materials.
Respiratory viral infections are transmitted from person to person primarily through airborne droplets as a result of direct or indirect contact. Distances between people in closed spaces do not always offer protection against viruses due to air circulation. That is why the proper positioning of barriers is one of the most effective ways to reduce the spread of respiratory viruses in enclosed areas.
SUSU scientists have conducted a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study that allows to analyse droplet flows in the air and to determine the effective location of barriers protecting people in a room.
According to him, thanks to CFD, enterprises will be able to maintain a normal pace of work and avoid quarantine during adverse epidemiological situations.
In the future, the scientists plan to develop a strategy based on such CFD studies through which, in different scenarios like offices, railway stations, airports, harbours, and factories, SOP’s will be established to work without shutting the operations down.